Catania is a major port located on the eastern coast of Sicily at the foot of Mount Etna, the center of the province of the same name. According to the 2010 census, the population of the city is about 300 thousand people – it is the second largest city in Sicily and the tenth in Italy.
Catania was founded by Greek colonists who arrived in Sicily in 729 BC. In the 5th century BC the cruel tyrant from Syracuse Heron I expelled the inhabitants of the city and renamed Catania to Aitna, but he was soon overthrown, and the city regained its name. In 403 BC Catania was once again ruled by Syracuse, and the inhabitants of the city were sold into slavery. A statue of Cora (Persephone) with a torch in hand made during that period has survived to this day. Continue reading
Venice – the most amazing and most famous city in the world – a city on the water, is located in the eastern part of Northern Italy. Venice is one of the largest centers of international tourism in Europe, a city of film and theater festivals and international art exhibitions.
Majestic and beautiful palaces form a bizarre and mysterious world, where the estranged grace of Gothic style is adjacent to the magnificent luxury of Baroque. And almost everywhere is heard the splashing of water, which, washing the basement of buildings, reflects architectural masterpieces.
The main transport in Venice is the river tram, there is also a river taxi, a walk on which will cost much more. The historical mode of transport is an 11-meter, crescent-curved gondola of a constant black color. It is intended mainly for tourists. Continue reading
Thessaloniki is one of the largest Greek cities. It is located in the northern part of the country, in Macedonia – a historical region well known to tourists from all over the world as the birthplace of Aristotle, the holy enlighteners Cyril and Methodius, the great martyr Dmitry Solunsky, the legendary conqueror Alexander the Great (Great). He is dear to the Turks as the birthplace of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the first president of Turkey.
The name of the sister of Alexander of Macedon of Thessaloniki became the name of this city. The city was founded in the 4th century BC. Alexander’s sister became the wife of the Macedonian king Cassander, the founder of Thessaloniki. By the will of Kassandra, two and a half dozen small settlements on the shores of the Aegean Sea were in the city limits. In the II century BC Thessaloniki (Thessaloniki) was captured by the soldiers of the Roman Empire. After its fall, the city became part of another empire – the Byzantine. Continue reading
The largest island of the Dodecanese archipelago and the fourth largest island in Greece. Rhodes is located in the southeastern part of Greece and is washed by the Aegean and Mediterranean seas, as well as smaller seas like Cretan (or Karpathos). The main city of the island is also called Rhodes.
The climate of Rhodes makes it a year-round resort, even in winter with an air temperature of about +15 degrees they come here for walks, sea air and attractions. Spring on the island is warm, and summers are not too hot. Sea breezes coming from the north “knock down” the heat. The average temperature in the summer months is about +31 degrees. The season on the island lasts through October, the best months for rest are May and September – the beginning and end of the season. Continue reading
In the glorious numerous galaxy of the Greek islands, Crete is the largest and most tourist, one of the largest in the Mediterranean. Three seas wash it: Cretan, Libyan and Ionian. The capital of the island is Heraklion. Crete is the south of Europe, its satellite island of Gavdos is considered the southernmost point of this part of the world.
The first settlements appeared on Crete 13 thousand years ago. In the II-I millennia BC the island was experiencing the heyday of Minoan civilization. For the territory of Crete, the Byzantines and Muslims competed with each other several times. In the XVIII-XIX centuries, the island was shaken by war and rebellion: the people of Crete demanded reunion with Greece. At the end of the 19th century, as a result of the Cretan revolt on the island, the Cretan state was proclaimed, and the long-awaited reunion (enosis) occurred only in 1913. Continue reading