Budapest is the capital of Hungary, its main political, cultural, commercial, industrial and transport center. The city consists of three historically formed parts – Pest, Buda and Obuda, in January 1872 united into one city.
The history of numerous wars and invasions, the constant destruction and perestroika created Budapest today, with a mixture of styles born in those periods when a proud and cheerful nation with love restored its city, a city of charm and character, both European and exclusively Hungarian. The collection of palaces, churches and monuments of Budapest is declared by UNESCO a World Cultural Heritage.
Budapest owes its charm to the picturesque countryside, beautiful nature and magnificent architecture. Here, the historical monuments of the ancient Roman province are adjacent to the baroque-style houses that have preserved medieval fragments, the 18th-century churches – to the Art Nouveau buildings, and the palaces in the Classicism style – to modern hotels.
The three-nave church of the Virgin Mary (known as the Matyasha Church) became the site of the coronation and marriage of Hungarian kings. The neo-Gothic, richly carved church is one of the most characteristic elements of the panorama of the city.
On the square in front of the Matyasha Church there is the Monument of the Holy Trinity, erected in 1713 by the inhabitants of Buda in gratitude for ending the plague. Behind the monument is the town hall built at the beginning of the 18th century.
The section of the fortress wall protecting the Matyasha church from the Danube side was traditionally guarded by the fishermen’s workshop. On this site in 1901, the Fisherman’s Bastion, designed in the Neo-Romanesque style, was built, which offers a wonderful view of the Danube and Pest.
Most residential buildings in the city center were built in the 18th century. These are beautiful Baroque buildings, the decorative facades of which are decorated with sculptures, frescoes, wrought-iron grates.
The former Royal Palace owes its present appearance to the research and excavations carried out after World War II, as well as the concept of creating an integrated cultural center in it. In front of the Royal Palace you can see the remains of the fortifications of the Middle Ages and the times of Turkish rule.
A unique panorama opens up from Gellert Mountain or from the Lanzhid Bridge. On the right side of the river stands the hilly Buda, which, as it were, is crowned with a medieval fortress and the majestic Royal Palace. Margite island lies like a precious green stone on the silver ribbon of the Danube River. On the other side of the river is Pest, which is the center of political, economic, financial and business life. Buildings built in the last century are perfectly combined with modern buildings of our day. Along the banks of the river flowing in the city center, the elegant Dunacorzo, built up by hotels, leads to the magnificent Parliament building.
In Budapest, dozens of different museums operate all year round – historical, ethnographic, art, art galleries and exhibition halls, and there is even a Bible Museum. The collections of Budapest museums are world famous.
Budapest is the only major capital city in the world with more than 80 thermal springs and wells. Of these, 70 million liters of water flow daily to the surface. The number of metropolitan baths, which are supplied with water from natural healing springs or artificial thermal wells, reaches fifty. Among them there are preserved Turkish baths, beaches with outdoor pools, elegant pearl pools, at the same time, clinics were built on the basis of these medicinal waters, and balneological hotels meeting the highest requirements.
Some of the medicinal waters are used for drinking in the treatment of diseases such as disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, or kidney and metabolic diseases.
Budapest offers its guests a rich cultural program: 200 museums and exhibition galleries, 40 theaters, the National Opera and 7 concert halls await visitors at any time of the year. In March, the “Spring Festival” is held, intended primarily for music lovers, in addition, numerous opera and ballet performances, folklore performances and exhibitions. In June, along with the “Festival of Music”, numerous events of the “Festival of the Bridge” and the “Danube Water Carnival” are held. In July – Festival “Island”, designed for young people. In July and August, the “Opera and Ballet Festival” is held, and in August, the “Jewish Summer Festival”. September is the month of the Budapest International Wine and Champagne Festival, and then, in October, the Autumn Festival is held for lovers of contemporary art. And in the last month of the year you can enjoy the hustle and bustle of the Christmas market.
The most popular tourist destinations in Budapest are Margit Island, Varoshliget City Park, Váci pedestrian street, at the source of which is the famous old Jerbo Confectionery.