Hamburg is the second largest city in Germany
Hamburg is the second largest city in Germany, located in the north of the country, at the confluence of the Elbe River in the North Sea. The settlement, which subsequently gave rise to the city of Hamburg itself, arose in this place in the VIII century. Around 950, the fortress of Hammaburg was built by Emperor Charles the Great. On May 7, 1189, Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa granted significant trading privileges to Hamburg. This circumstance played a large role in the development of the port of Hamburg, and now this day is celebrated in Hamburg as the “birthday of the port.”
Hamburg was one of the first to enter the Hanseatic League, which was created in the Middle Ages in Northern Europe and became the most important port on the North Sea. In 1510, Hamburg received the status of a “free imperial city”. The further growth of Hamburg is associated with the discovery of America and sea routes to Asia. Since 1550, it has become one of the most important ports for the delivery of goods to European countries. During the Second World War, the city was repeatedly bombed by Anglo-American aircraft and was severely destroyed.
Hamburg is half composed of parks, squares, nature reserves, rivers, canals and lakes. The largest lake Alster, formed in the 13th century, is located right in the center of Hamburg and covers an area larger than the Principality of Monaco. There are 2400 bridges in the city, more than in Venice, Amsterdam and London combined.
The grand Neo-Renaissance Town Hall, located in the very center of the city, is one of the symbols of Hamburg. Another symbol of the city is the church of St. Michael with the 132-meter tower “Michel”. The preserved islets of the Old Town in the modern, high-rise, neon space – the neo-Gothic church of St. Peter with a magnificent sculpture of the Virgin Mary of 1470, the gothic church of St. Jacob with the largest baroque organ in Northern Germany, the church of St. Catherine of the 13th century and the Church of St. Nicholas with the tower, the third highest in Germany – were lovingly restored by the townspeople after the terrible fire of 1842 and even more terrible bombing of World War II.
Hamburg has many diverse museums: the famous Kunsthalle with a collection of works of art from the 15th-20th centuries, the Historical and Ethnographic Museums, the Deichtorhallen Museum of Modern Art, and the Erotic Museum.
A tourist who arrives in Hamburg on Sunday will certainly be taken to Fishmarkt, the fish market. Historians believe that it has existed since 1703. The market is open only from 6 a.m. to 10 a.m., as in the old days the elders allowed trade only before the start of church service.
Hamburg is believed to be a seaside town. Meanwhile, it is still 100 km to the North Sea along the Elbe. Approximately 12 thousand sea-going vessels pass this way annually. In the harbor of Hamburg is the world’s largest warehouse complex, which stretches over a kilometer in length and is a stunning grand open-air museum.
The world famous Hamburg Riberban – the red light district, where the art of selling love has turned into a major tourist attraction. This “nest of vice” gives a powerful energy impulse to the nightlife of the city and its entertainment industry as a whole.
On and around Riperbahn, in the St. Pauli area, there are a lot of discos, beer bars, restaurants, the Salambo sex theater is here, the opera theater has been producing Cats since 1986, and for the musical about the life of the first American rock star Buddy Holly “Buddy” built a special theater on the Landungsbrücken pier (carried there by boat), as well as for the musical “Phantom at the Opera” built a separate theater “Neue Flora”.