Kos lies in the southeastern part of the Aegean Sea and belongs to the Dodecanese archipelago, is one of the largest and most populated in this group. In the northwest, it adjoins the islands of Kalymnos and Pserimos, in the southeast – with the Turkish resort of Bodrum. The larger neighbors of Kos in the archipelago are the islands of Rhodes and Karpathos.
Nature gave the island forests, fertile lands, thermal springs and a wonderful climate. In addition to tourism, agriculture is developing on the island. The main city of the island is also called Kos.
According to one legend, the ship of Heracles, returning from the Trojan War, was nailed to the island of Kos. Hera did not want a safe return of the illegitimate son of Zeus, so she sent a storm, built other intrigues, and was ultimately punished by a thunderous spouse. Hercules, however, recouped on the inhabitants of the island, who took the ship for a pirate ship and rendered it a very awkward reception.
In ancient times, long before the advent of our era, the lands of the island were inhabited by people who especially worshiped the god of healing Asclepius. Asklepion was built – a sanctuary, the priests of which were also engaged in healing. All in Greece, about three hundred Asklepions are known, one of the most famous was on the island of Kos. The sanctuary was discovered by archaeologists at the very beginning of the twentieth century. Kos is also known as the birthplace of Hippocrates.
Like many islands of Greece, Kos survived the invasions of various peoples: Persians, Spartans, Macedonians, entered the Roman and Byzantine empires, fell under the influence of the Venetians, knight-hospitaliers, Ottomans and remained under the control of the Turks until 1912, then was transferred to Italy. Under Turkish rule Kos was about four centuries. He became Greek only in 1947, having survived Italian, German and British rule in the first half of the 20th century.
Summer on the island is full of heat and drought often occurs, in winter it is rainy and windy. The hottest time is from the end of July until the last decade of September. The swimming season begins in June, when the air warms up to + 27-30 degrees, and the water in the sea – up to +25. In autumn, bad weather comes gradually, with a daily decrease in air and water temperatures, and the appearance of rain clouds in the sky. In winter, the air temperature drops to +13 degrees during the day, the sea constantly storms. Spring begins on the island in late March.
In the center of the island is the Hippocrates airport, which takes regular flights from Athens and Thessaloniki, charters from Russia. From the airport, anywhere in the island can be reached by bus or taxi. Port of Kos accepts ferries, including from the Greek capital.
City buses run through the main city of the island, and a network of intercity routes connecting the city of Kos with almost all resorts, cities and villages of the island is laid outside.
On the island you can rent a bike, and some hotels provide their guests with this service for free. In addition, the island has four routes for trackless tourist trains, one of which covers the city of Kos itself.
Sights and excursions
If you focus on the capital of the island, then many of the attractions of this island are located either within the city or nearby. Asklepion Temple, the first mention of which date back to the 3rd century BC located four kilometers from the city. Now it is an open-air museum, which hosts various shows. In antiquity, in the two lower levels of this building there was an anatomical museum, a school for healers, baths with thermal water, which were filled with water, and in the upper level there was a sanctuary. The museum takes the oath of Hippocrates by doctors coming from around the world. The fact that Kos is the birthplace of Hippocrates, and there are legends about it, is indicated by the plane of Hippocrates next to the fortress of the hospitaliers, which the healer himself allegedly planted. The fortress, which was built in the XV-XVI centuries by the knights of the Order of St. John, is called Neradzia and is located near the port of Kos.
The fact that different cultures were present on the island is evidenced by the proximity of Orthodox churches and Muslim mosques. More than two dozen temples around the island date back to the early Christian period – for example, the temple of St. Stephen in Kefalos, dating from the V century. An example of the Turkish style is the XVIII century Haji Hassan Mosque in Kos – the building is named after the Turkish governor, during the reign of which it was built.
The outlines of the island are similar to fish, whose back is the northwest coast, the belly is southeastern, and the tail is the southern tip of the island with Kefalos Bay and the resort of the same name. The capital of the island, Kos, is located in the northeastern part. This is the center of the island’s life, a place of attraction for tourists. Next to it is Lambi – a fun resort suburb. To the east of the capital is the resort of Psalidi with a long strip of pebble beaches, this place attracts windsurfers.