Baden-Baden is a spa town in the federal state of Baden-Württemberg, located on the western slopes of the Black Forest. Until 1931, the city was called Baden, but people often spoke of Baden in Baden (the Baden region) and this is how the current double name Baden-Baden originated.
Baden-Baden is famous for its hot springs. Even the ancient Romans noted the healing properties of these sources. The ruins of Roman baths are still preserved in Baden-Baden. And in the XVIII century, Baden-Baden turned into the largest resort in Europe, where monarchs, nobles, writers and musicians gathered. In the XIX century, the city became quite popular among the Russian aristocracy, it was visited by Fedor Dostoevsky, Ivan Turgenev, Anton Chekhov and others. Continue reading
Debrecen is a city in eastern Hungary, the second most populated city in the country after Budapest, and the economic and cultural center of eastern Hungary. The city lies on the territory of the famous Khorobadi steppe – empty, included in the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage List.
Debrecen was first mentioned in writing in 1235. In 1361, King Lajosh I granted Debrecen the status of a free city. In the XV-XVI centuries, Debrecen became an important trading city, there were a large number of fairs, mainly agricultural. Thanks to the wise policies of the leadership of the city of Debrecen, it was possible to maintain independence; it remained a peculiar city-state, defining the internal development of local society and the formation of urban identity for centuries to come. Continue reading
In the era of ancient Rome, this place between the Tiber and two hills – Yanikul and Vatican, was occupied by the circus of Nero. Here he was martyred and the Apostle Peter was buried. Under Pope Anaclet, a small tomb basilica was built on this site.
In 324, Emperor Constantine replaced the modest tomb with a basilica in the style typical of the early Christian churches of Rome. Completed in 349 by Constantius, the son of Constantine, this basilica over time has been significantly enriched by the generous gifts of the popes and wealthy donors. It was here, in this basilica of Constantine, that Charlemagne in 800 received the crown from the hands of Pope Leo III, and after him the emperors Lothar, Louis II and Frederick III were crowned here. Continue reading