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Madrid is the capital and largest city of Spain, located in the center of the country. Being the highest capital of Europe, Madrid is very hot in summer and quite cool in winter, and mild weather reigns in spring and autumn. Spring is the best time for a visit and walks in the squares and alleys of this densely populated city.
The city grew around the fortress Majirít, the first mention of which dates back to 932. During the Reconquista, in 1083 Madrid was subjugated by King Alfonso IV. The development of the city until 1561 (when King Philip II made it the capital of the kingdom) was largely dependent on the relationship between the Arabs and Spaniards, who fought, then lived in peace. The outlines similar to the modern city acquired in the period from the 1570s to the 1670s, the years of the most intensive development. Continue reading
Thessaloniki is one of the largest Greek cities. It is located in the northern part of the country, in Macedonia – a historical region well known to tourists from all over the world as the birthplace of Aristotle, the holy enlighteners Cyril and Methodius, the great martyr Dmitry Solunsky, the legendary conqueror Alexander the Great (Great). He is dear to the Turks as the birthplace of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the first president of Turkey.
The name of the sister of Alexander of Macedon of Thessaloniki became the name of this city. The city was founded in the 4th century BC. Alexander’s sister became the wife of the Macedonian king Cassander, the founder of Thessaloniki. By the will of Kassandra, two and a half dozen small settlements on the shores of the Aegean Sea were in the city limits. In the II century BC Thessaloniki (Thessaloniki) was captured by the soldiers of the Roman Empire. After its fall, the city became part of another empire – the Byzantine. Continue reading