Helsinki is the capital of Finland. The city is located in the south of the country on the shores of the Gulf of Finland. Helsinki covers an area of 1,140 sq. Km and includes 315 islands; more than a third of the city is occupied by parks and open areas. Of major importance for the whole of Finland is the country’s largest Helsinki port, through which cargo passes and from where regular passenger flights operate throughout the Baltic.
Helsinki was founded by order of the Swedish king Gustav Vasa in 1550. By his decree, several hundred residents of the city of Porvoo settled in the territory of the current urban area of Arabia. June 12, the day of signing the decree, is considered the birthday of the city. Until the middle of the 18th century, Helsinki remained a small town. But in 1748, on the islands near Helsinki, the Swedes began the construction of the Sveaborg fortress (Suomenlinna), designed to protect the city from the sea. As a result, Helsinki began to grow and grow rich. Continue reading