CountriesGreeceCities of GreeceThessaloniki Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki is one of the largest Greek cities. It is located in the northern part of the country, in Macedonia – a historical region well known to tourists from all over the world as the birthplace of Aristotle, the holy enlighteners Cyril and Methodius, the great martyr Dmitry Solunsky, the legendary conqueror Alexander the Great (Great). He is dear to the Turks as the birthplace of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the first president of Turkey.
The name of the sister of Alexander of Macedon of Thessaloniki became the name of this city. The city was founded in the 4th century BC. Alexander’s sister became the wife of the Macedonian king Cassander, the founder of Thessaloniki. By the will of Kassandra, two and a half dozen small settlements on the shores of the Aegean Sea were in the city limits. In the II century BC Thessaloniki (Thessaloniki) was captured by the soldiers of the Roman Empire. After its fall, the city became part of another empire – the Byzantine.
The convenient geographical location was both a joy and a misfortune of the city: in times of peace, the city flourished thanks to trade, and when some sort of turmoil started, it first of all suffered from attacks – Romans, Goths, Saracen pirates, Bulgarians, Normans, Turks, which are different time visited in Thessaloniki with not the most friendly intentions. The city also got from the Nazis during the Second World War.
Thessaloniki resort is located on the shores of the Aegean Sea, more specifically, the Thermal Gulf. From the southeast, the city is “propped up” by the Hortiatis Mountains.
The weather in Thessaloniki is almost always sunny, but not too hot. The average temperature in Thessaloniki in July and August is about 30 degrees Celsius. These are the hottest months of the year. The warm sea allows you to open the swimming season in May and close it in October.
The temperature record in Thessaloniki was recorded in July 2007 and amounted to 44 degrees Celsius.
Thessaloniki can be reached by sea, by air and by rail. At 12 kilometers south of Thessaloniki, the Macedonia International Airport is located, which accepts both charter flights to Halkidiki and regular flights, including domestic and international flights. You can get from the airport to Thessaloniki both by taxi and by bus – the second option is cheaper.
From the railway station of Thessaloniki, called the “New Station”, you can go both to nearby cities and to the capitals of several European countries – for example, to Belgrade, Bucharest, Sofia, as well as to the capital of the Greek Republic of Athens itself and to Istanbul – the capital of neighboring Turkey.
A metro is being built in the city, due to open in 2020. It is worth noting that the construction of the subway began in the late 1980s and was resumed in 2006. If the opening takes place, the second metro of Greece will appear in Thessaloniki.
The main transport to Thessaloniki is a bus, the schedule is available at http://oasth.gr/. The resource is in Greek, but using automatic translation you can get the necessary information. For frequent trips during the day, you may need to purchase a daily ticket, for single trips – a one-time ticket. Tickets are sold at special points of sale and in the buses themselves. At the entrance, the ticket must be composted, as was once done in Soviet trams and trolleybuses. On one of the buses in about an hour you can go around all the main attractions – the number of this route is 50.
Thessaloniki’s specialty is one-way streets. To leave in the opposite direction, you need to find a neighboring street along which the same transport goes in the opposite direction.
Bicycle rental is another option for moving around the city.
Where to stay
In the central part of the city, for example, in the Ladadiki area, more expensive accommodation options, but all the sights will be literally at hand. Accommodation in the Kalamaria region is also not cheap, but it is more green, not as noisy and vain as in the center. From accommodation facilities, tourists are available options such as coastal hotels, up to the “five stars” with their own access to the sea, budget hostels, rental apartments.
Sights and excursions
The spirit of the great events that took place on this earth for several millennia creates the unique atmosphere of Thessaloniki.
The central and oldest part of Thessaloniki is outlined by the outline of the walls of the Byzantine period and inside it is divided into two parts – historical and business. The historical part is called Upper Town (or Ano Poli) and is protected by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. More than a hundred years ago, a terrible fire occurred in Thessaloniki, fortunately not destroying the historic area of the city. To explore the Upper City, you need to climb to the top of the hill, wander along the curved narrow streets. Guests of the Upper City will be rewarded not only with a magnificent view of Thessaloniki from the hill, but also with a wealth of sights of different eras – Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman. At the top of the hill is the Heptapyrgion Fortress (“seven towers”). Its towers were built in the period from IV to XII century. From the end of the 19th century, the tower served as a prison.