Venice – the most amazing and most famous city in the world – a city on the water, is located in the eastern part of Northern Italy. Venice is one of the largest centers of international tourism in Europe, a city of film and theater festivals and international art exhibitions.
Majestic and beautiful palaces form a bizarre and mysterious world, where the estranged grace of Gothic style is adjacent to the magnificent luxury of Baroque. And almost everywhere is heard the splashing of water, which, washing the basement of buildings, reflects architectural masterpieces.
The main transport in Venice is the river tram, there is also a river taxi, a walk on which will cost much more. The historical mode of transport is an 11-meter, crescent-curved gondola of a constant black color. It is intended mainly for tourists.
Closely lined with luxurious old buildings, the historic center of Venice is located on 120 low sandy islands connected by 400 bridges and bridges. The palaces of the XV — XVIII centuries were built in a peculiar Venetian style, in which the influence of the East is felt (the Venetian Gothic is formed from elements of the Gothic and Moorish styles).
The heart of Venice is Piazza San Marco. Situated at the top of the column, the winged lion – the heraldic symbol of Venice – overlooks the grandiose Cathedral of San Marco, the stone lace of the Doge’s Palace, a bell tower piercing the sky (100 m high), where Galileo Galilei installed his first telescope in 1609. The arcades and the balcony of another masterpiece of Venetian architecture – Doge’s Palace – are distinguished by their elegance of decoration. At the very edge of the square, two columns rise – the symbolic gate to Venice. Countless souvenir sellers and street photographers scurry around the square, the ancient Florian and Cuadri cafes are always crowded. The famous Bridge of Sighs connects the Doge’s Palace with the former prison building.
The Grand Canal (“Grande Canal”), resembling the shape of the letter “S”, is Venice’s main street. Only three bridges were thrown across it. The Rialto Bridge is considered the most beautiful, most famous and oldest bridge in Venice. The palaces along the Grand Canal personify the glory and power of Venice of all eras – from the 12th century to the 20th. The most famous palace is the Golden House, built in the 15th century. Now it houses an art gallery.
At the southeast end of the Grand Canal is the church of Santa Maria della Salute. The palaces of Fondaco dei Turki, Giustiniani, Palazzo Rezzonico and Ca da Mosto are also magnificent. The church of Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari is very beautiful.
The work of all, without exception, the great Venetian masters of the XIV – XVIII centuries. exhibited in 24 halls of the Academy Gallery. The gems of this collection include creations by Giovanni Bellini, Vittore Carpaccio, Giorgione, Titian, Veronese, Tintoretto. Of the museums, it is worth noting the Peggy Gutenheim Collection (Picasso, Magrit, Ernst, Tangi, Dali, Kandinsky, Braque, etc.), the Museum of Byzantine Icons (the largest collection outside of Greece), the Museum of Oriental (oriental art).
On the island of Murano there are factories producing the famous Venetian glass. During an excursion to the glass factory, you can see how this is done. Here is the basilica of Santi Maria e Donato, which is considered an example of Venetian architecture (1140). The island of Burano is famous for its lace, which since the XVI century. local women weave. On the island of San Michele there is a cemetery buried in flowers, where Sergey Diaghilev and Igor Stravinsky, once in love with Venice, rest. Joseph Brodsky is buried here. On the island of Torcello from the VII century. the oldest building in the entire lagoon has been preserved – the huge Byzantine cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, consecrated in its present form in 1008
The world famous Venetian carnival was born in 1094. It lasts exactly 10 days – from February 6 to 16. Thanks to Giacomo Casanova, since the 18th century, the range of costumes has expanded, complementing the modest black capes and long-nosed masks.
Water has always remained the main life elixir of the city, so every year on the Ascension Day, a special magnificent ritual was simultaneously held here, during which the Venetian Doges solemnly “engaged” to the sea and threw a golden ring into its waves.