Naples is a major city in southern Italy, the capital of the Campania region. The city is located in close proximity to Vesuvius – the largest active volcano in Europe, which destroyed and preserved to this day the ancient cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum.
The strategic location of Naples was the cause of numerous attacks, since the founding of the city in the VIII century BC. Initially, the Greek settlement was captured by the Romans in 327 BC, and became the favorite residence of emperors and literary figures, including Virgil and Nero. In the 7th century, Naples was ruled by Byzantium, and later by Norman Sicily. The city reached its highest point of medieval prosperity under Charles of Anjou, when in 1266 he made Naples the capital of the Kingdom of Naples. Karl expanded the city and decorated it with palaces and churches. Further, the Spanish Habsburgs were followed by the Bourbons, Bonaparte and the dynasty of the rulers of Savoy, when the Campaign became part of a united Italy in 1860.
The 1980 earthquake claimed the lives of hundreds of people and greatly undermined its economic situation. Naples fell into decay for several years. But thanks to the development of excursion and beach tourism, the city is gradually reviving.
A sufficiently large territory of the historical center of Naples consists of an ancient Greco-Roman city, the ruins of ancient Greek walls, city gates, castles, historical buildings, the cathedral (Duomo), churches, four large parks (city garden, parks of Virgil, Capodimonte, Floridiana), 20- ty museums and galleries, as well as residential areas. From these attractions it is easy to compose at least 10 interesting tourist routes: Greco-Roman, medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, Rocco, religious, museum and gallery, etc.
The streets of the city, literally lined with monuments, are filled with the crowd that Naples does. Local popular life, often criticized and misinterpreted, is not comparable to anything else. A truly exotic picture appears to the visitor of the city: smugglers, revelers, brisk “bambini” and “razzazzi”, hissing sounds of a local dialect, vice and holiness reign on the streets. It seems that you are not in Italy, however, in front of you is another, unique face of the Apennine Peninsula.
Naples is the birthplace of Italian pizza. Naples pizza festival PizzaFest is held annually in Naples. The best chefs fight for first place in the preparation of this simple but very tasty tortilla. In addition, the famous Italian coffee is prepared in Naples: the strongest one-sip of espresso and delicious espresso with airy foam and cinnamon. Do not forget to mention the Neapolitan ice cream: strawberry, chocolate, vanilla. Spumoni (“meringue”) – a combination of three flavors in one serving of ice cream was first mixed in Naples.
On every corner you can have a bite or have a hearty lunch, make purchases, buy souvenirs and city and neighborhood guides. In the Borgo degli Orefichi quarter, there is a local shop selling gold and jewelry. The Umberto Gallery has many shops and boutiques where you can buy clothes, jewelry, cosmetics, books, guides, souvenirs, a bite to eat, ice cream, and a cup of coffee. Via San Gregorio Armeno, a street also called Candini, has a flea market characteristic of Italian cities.