Catania is a major port located on the eastern coast of Sicily at the foot of Mount Etna, the center of the province of the same name. According to the 2010 census, the population of the city is about 300 thousand people – it is the second largest city in Sicily and the tenth in Italy.
Catania was founded by Greek colonists who arrived in Sicily in 729 BC. In the 5th century BC the cruel tyrant from Syracuse Heron I expelled the inhabitants of the city and renamed Catania to Aitna, but he was soon overthrown, and the city regained its name. In 403 BC Catania was once again ruled by Syracuse, and the inhabitants of the city were sold into slavery. A statue of Cora (Persephone) with a torch in hand made during that period has survived to this day. Continue reading
Debrecen is a city in eastern Hungary, the second most populated city in the country after Budapest, and the economic and cultural center of eastern Hungary. The city lies on the territory of the famous Khorobadi steppe – empty, included in the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage List.
Debrecen was first mentioned in writing in 1235. In 1361, King Lajosh I granted Debrecen the status of a free city. In the XV-XVI centuries, Debrecen became an important trading city, there were a large number of fairs, mainly agricultural. Thanks to the wise policies of the leadership of the city of Debrecen, it was possible to maintain independence; it remained a peculiar city-state, defining the internal development of local society and the formation of urban identity for centuries to come. Continue reading
Budapest is the capital of Hungary, its main political, cultural, commercial, industrial and transport center. The city consists of three historically formed parts – Pest, Buda and Obuda, in January 1872 united into one city.
The history of numerous wars and invasions, the constant destruction and perestroika created Budapest today, with a mixture of styles born in those periods when a proud and cheerful nation with love restored its city, a city of charm and character, both European and exclusively Hungarian. The collection of palaces, churches and monuments of Budapest is declared by UNESCO a World Cultural Heritage. Continue reading