The capital of the Hellenic Republic is located in the historical region of Attica. Together with the nearest settlements and Piraeus is the Athenian agglomeration with a population of more than 3.7 million people. Due to the population of the agglomeration, the region of Attica is considered the most densely populated in Greece. The Greek capital is surrounded by mountains that influence the local climate.
Summer is hot and arid, with occasional rainfall, winter is warm and humid with sparse snow and frost. In spring, the weather is changeable, but in April and March hot days can fall with air temperature +28 – 30 degrees. May is a period of flowering and riot of greenery, which begins to fade under the bright sun in the summer months. The swimming season here opens in May-June and lasts almost until the end of October, when the sea temperature begins to drop below +23 degrees. Athens’ access to the sea – the Saronic Gulf of the Aegean Sea, separating Attica from the Peloponnese. Continue reading
Cologne is a city in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia, located in the west of the country, on the banks of the Rhine. Founded in 16 AD, Cologne (then Ara Ubiorum) in the year 50 was elevated to the rank of the city of Agrippina, the wife of Emperor Claudius. In the Middle Ages, the number of religious buildings grew, Cologne became equal to Jerusalem (at least as it was said in those days). In 1248, the cathedral was founded. But its construction was completed only in 1880. In 1388, a university was founded in the city. Cologne was the first city with a democratic constitution and kept aloof from any kind of upheaval. However, in 1794, French troops entered the city, and after 1815 he moved to Prussia. In 1945, the city was destroyed by 80 percent, but the inhabitants lovingly restored it literally “from the ashes.” Continue reading
Hamburg is the second largest city in Germany, located in the north of the country, at the confluence of the Elbe River in the North Sea. The settlement, which subsequently gave rise to the city of Hamburg itself, arose in this place in the VIII century. Around 950, the fortress of Hammaburg was built by Emperor Charles the Great. On May 7, 1189, Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa granted significant trading privileges to Hamburg. This circumstance played a large role in the development of the port of Hamburg, and now this day is celebrated in Hamburg as the “birthday of the port.” Continue reading