In the glorious numerous galaxy of the Greek islands, Crete is the largest and most tourist, one of the largest in the Mediterranean. Three seas wash it: Cretan, Libyan and Ionian. The capital of the island is Heraklion. Crete is the south of Europe, its satellite island of Gavdos is considered the southernmost point of this part of the world.
The first settlements appeared on Crete 13 thousand years ago. In the II-I millennia BC the island was experiencing the heyday of Minoan civilization. For the territory of Crete, the Byzantines and Muslims competed with each other several times. In the XVIII-XIX centuries, the island was shaken by war and rebellion: the people of Crete demanded reunion with Greece. At the end of the 19th century, as a result of the Cretan revolt on the island, the Cretan state was proclaimed, and the long-awaited reunion (enosis) occurred only in 1913. Continue reading
Corfu is the Italian version of the name of this island. The Greek version is Kerkyra. It is the second largest island in the Ionian group of islands. Compared to other Ionian ones, it is located to the north of everything. Corfu in the northeast borders with Albania, from which it is separated by the Kerkyra Strait. The northern part of the island is covered with chalk mountains less than a thousand meters high, it is more fertile and picturesque in contrast to the south of the island, covered with hills. The main city of the island also has a double name: official – Corfu, popularly – Kerkyra.
In the Greek epic, the island was glorified as a meeting place for Odysseus and Queen Nausikai – this happened in Paleokastritsa Bay. Continue reading
The capital of the Hellenic Republic is located in the historical region of Attica. Together with the nearest settlements and Piraeus is the Athenian agglomeration with a population of more than 3.7 million people. Due to the population of the agglomeration, the region of Attica is considered the most densely populated in Greece. The Greek capital is surrounded by mountains that influence the local climate.
Summer is hot and arid, with occasional rainfall, winter is warm and humid with sparse snow and frost. In spring, the weather is changeable, but in April and March hot days can fall with air temperature +28 – 30 degrees. May is a period of flowering and riot of greenery, which begins to fade under the bright sun in the summer months. The swimming season here opens in May-June and lasts almost until the end of October, when the sea temperature begins to drop below +23 degrees. Athens’ access to the sea – the Saronic Gulf of the Aegean Sea, separating Attica from the Peloponnese. Continue reading