In the glorious numerous galaxy of the Greek islands, Crete is the largest and most tourist, one of the largest in the Mediterranean. Three seas wash it: Cretan, Libyan and Ionian. The capital of the island is Heraklion. Crete is the south of Europe, its satellite island of Gavdos is considered the southernmost point of this part of the world.
The first settlements appeared on Crete 13 thousand years ago. In the II-I millennia BC the island was experiencing the heyday of Minoan civilization. For the territory of Crete, the Byzantines and Muslims competed with each other several times. In the XVIII-XIX centuries, the island was shaken by war and rebellion: the people of Crete demanded reunion with Greece. At the end of the 19th century, as a result of the Cretan revolt on the island, the Cretan state was proclaimed, and the long-awaited reunion (enosis) occurred only in 1913. Continue reading
Hamburg is the second largest city in Germany, located in the north of the country, at the confluence of the Elbe River in the North Sea. The settlement, which subsequently gave rise to the city of Hamburg itself, arose in this place in the VIII century. Around 950, the fortress of Hammaburg was built by Emperor Charles the Great. On May 7, 1189, Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa granted significant trading privileges to Hamburg. This circumstance played a large role in the development of the port of Hamburg, and now this day is celebrated in Hamburg as the “birthday of the port.” Continue reading
Baden-Baden is a spa town in the federal state of Baden-Württemberg, located on the western slopes of the Black Forest. Until 1931, the city was called Baden, but people often spoke of Baden in Baden (the Baden region) and this is how the current double name Baden-Baden originated.
Baden-Baden is famous for its hot springs. Even the ancient Romans noted the healing properties of these sources. The ruins of Roman baths are still preserved in Baden-Baden. And in the XVIII century, Baden-Baden turned into the largest resort in Europe, where monarchs, nobles, writers and musicians gathered. In the XIX century, the city became quite popular among the Russian aristocracy, it was visited by Fedor Dostoevsky, Ivan Turgenev, Anton Chekhov and others. Continue reading